Oneself in this highly controversial Phone Number List terrain. First, there is the theory of the cultural divide between West and East put forward by the late Martin Malia. Malia questions the existence of a clear line dividing "West" from "East." He assumes instead that there is a smoother gradation that can be experienced by those traversing the essentially Phone Number List unified Eurasian continent to the east. The second theory, developed by Maria Todorova , establishes a "relative synchronicity within the framework of a development of Placing various European nationalisms in a unified structure of modernity, Todorova avoids the discourse of "backwardness" and defines Phone Number List the "East"—Eastern Europe, the Balkans, and Russia—as part of a common European space.1.
Both theories emphasize Russia's Phone Number List fundamentally European character, and neither discusses the country's peripheral position. Russia's relative to Europe seems inevitable simply because she has never generated her own vision of modernity, but instead adopted a European vision. From this arose a persistent Phone Number List dilemma that Russian intellectuals – the so-called intelligentsia – have suffered for the last 200 years. According to the American historian Alan Pollard , “the elements that constituted their consciousness were mostly Western products. So precisely those qualities of the gave them the ability to understand – that is, what constitutes their Phone Number List essence – distanced this group from the reality of life in the country, which precisely they had to . Furthermore.
Acknowledging that Russia's modern Phone Number List intellectual tradition is an imitation and that the country is culturally dependent on Europe runs smack into the idea of Russian greatness. In the imagination of the country's ruling elites, throughout its Phone Number List history, Russia has primarily formed an alternative center of power pursuing a global and Phone Number List universal 'project', like the orthodox empire of the Romanovs or the Soviet empire. Seeing Russia in a.